Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: An Overlooked Learning Impairment?
Recent research indicates that Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) alters the way a person perceives information, learns from it, and uses it in future situations. The following literature review investigates learning-related impairments recently found in PTSD individuals. The reviewed studies indicate that a learning impairment is indeed present, in the form of information encoding and acquisition problems, prospective memory impairments, and inefficient working memory. These findings are considered in relation to the first-line treatment for PTSD, as well as the occupational and social functioning of the individuals. This review highlights the importance of recognising the discovered difficulties, with hope that it will promote a better understanding of the struggles experienced by PTSD patients. Implications for future research are discussed.